Italy is on my mind!
So in this post we are heading to Urbino, an enchanting medieval town built on two hills, in the Marche region of Italy which became for a short time during the Renaissance area one of the major cultural centres of Europe.
The town is known for its picturesque medieval aspect. It was subsequently occupied by Etruscans, Celts, Gauls & in the 3rd century BCE, by the Romans. In the 9th century, Urbino fell under church rule but was ceded in the 12th century to the Montefeltro family. It has reached its peak as an artistic & literary center under the rule of Federico da Montefeltro & his son Guidobaldo.
Raffaello Sanzio, one of the most famous Italian painters, was born in Urbino. If you happen to be there, you can visit the house where he was born which became a museum.
Urbino hosts one of the oldest universities “the University of Urbino”, founded in 1506 & is the seat of the Archbishop of Urbino. The town has also and Academy of Fine Arts & is known as the Capital of Books.
Urbino has been part since 1998 of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO & it is one of the most important Renaissance sites in Italy.
The Palazzo Ducale is one of the main attractions in Urbino where the town’s treasures were guarded. It is a magnificent architectural masterpiece & one of the best examples of the Italian Renaissance architecture.
While wandering the streets of Urbino you can visit the former Convent of Santa Chiara, the Church of San Domenico, Palazzio Boghi, … & of course The Cathedral which was built in 1021. It had a Renaissance style but was rebuilt in neoclassic style by Valladier after the 1784 earthquake. The Cathedral is dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary & displays the famous “Last Supper” by Frederico Barocci.
Piazza Duca Frederico, the heart of the town, is a beautiful square at the entrance of the Ducale Palace where you can enjoy a gelato to freshen up from the heat of summer while enjoying the beauty of Urbino.